CYPRESS, the tree Cupressus sempervirens of which two varieties are known, the horizontal Cupressus sempervirens horizontalis and the vertical Cupressus sempervirens pyramidalis. The former grows wild in the high mountains of Gilead and the slopes of Lebanon. Scholars differ as to the biblical name for the cypress. In modern Hebrew it is identified with berosh, but the identification appears to be erroneous since the biblical berosh has been identified with the juniper . It is almost certain that both the gopher and te'ashur of the Bible are the cypress. (1) Gopher: It was from this wood that Noah   was commanded to build the ark (Gen. 6:14). Of all the suggestions put forward to identify this tree, the cypress seems the most likely, and its Greek name κοπάρισος appears to be related to the Semitic gopher. The wood is proofed against rot and is suitable for the building of seaworthy craft. Ships in ancient times were constructed mainly of cypress. (2) Te'ashur (AV "box tree") is mentioned by Isaiah among the trees that will blossom on the way of the redeemed in the wilderness (Isa 41:19), and will be employed in the construction of the Temple (ibid. 60:13). Ezekiel, describing the ships of the Tyrians, states that they were made of bat-ashurim from the isles of the Kittites (Ezek. 27:6). Both Rashi (basing himself on the Targum) and Kimḥi read it as one word preceded by a preposition bite'ashurim ("with cypress wood brought from the island of Cyprus"). The cypress grows on that island, and some are of the opinion that the name of this island is actually derived from it. Te'ashur is apparently derived from "yashar" ("upright") because of the erect nature of the C.s. pyramydalis. The horizontal species resembles the cedar, and it would appear that the references in rabbinical literature to cedars growing in Israel are to the horizontal cypress. The cypress is not indigenous to Israel but is grown as an ornamental tree and as a windbreak in orchards. It is also planted in pine forests. The picturesque mixture of pine and cypress can be found in the forest at Sha'ar ha-Gai and at Ein Karem near Jerusalem. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 3 (1924), 26–33; J. Feliks, Olam ha-Ẓome'aḥ ha-Mikra'i (19682), 84–87. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cypress — bezeichnet ein Unternehmen in den Vereinigten Staaten, siehe Cypress Semiconductor Corporation einen deutschen Verlag für Magazine im Home Entertainmentbereich, siehe CyPress den Nachnamen von Tawny Cypress, einer US amerikanischen Schauspielerin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cypress — Cy press (s? pr?s), n.; pl. {Cypresses} ( ?z). [OE. cipres, cipresse, OF. cipres, F. cypr?s, L. cupressus, cyparissus (cf. the usual Lat. form cupressus), fr. Gr. ????, perh. of Semitic origin; cf. Heb. g?pher, Gen. vi. 14.] (Bot) A coniferous… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cypress — Cypress, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 46229 Housing Units (2000): 16028 Land area (2000): 6.612538 sq. miles (17.126395 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.012266 sq. miles (0.031768 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.624804 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cypress, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 46229 Housing Units (2000): 16028 Land area (2000): 6.612538 sq. miles (17.126395 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.012266 sq. miles (0.031768 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.624804 sq. miles (17.158163 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Cypress, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 271 Housing Units (2000): 128 Land area (2000): 0.747246 sq. miles (1.935358 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.747246 sq. miles (1.935358 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • cypress — cypress1 [sī′prəs] adj. [ME cipres < OFr < LL(Ec) cypressus, for L cupressus < Gr kyparissos] designating a family (Cupressaceae) of conifers including the junipers n. 1. any of a genus (Cupressus) of evergreen, cone bearing trees of the …   English World dictionary

  • cypress — type of evergreen tree (sacred to Pluto), late 12c., from O.Fr. cipres (12c., Mod.Fr. cyprès), from L.L. cypressus, from L. cupressus, from Gk. kyparissos, probably from an unknown pre Greek Mediterranean language. Perhaps related to Heb. gopher …   Etymology dictionary

  • cypress — ► NOUN ▪ an evergreen coniferous tree with flattened shoots bearing small scale like leaves, whose dark foliage is sometimes associated with mourning. ORIGIN Greek kuparissos …   English terms dictionary

  • Cypress — Not to be confused with Cyprus. For other uses, see Cypress (disambiguation). Monterey Cypresses (Cupressus macrocarpa) planted in Melbourne, Australia …   Wikipedia

  • CyPress — Die CyPress GmbH war ein Zeitschriftenverlag mit Sitz in Höchberg bei Würzburg. 1996 wurde CyPress als Verlag für das Videospielmagazin fun generation von Kai Neugebauer, Stephan Girlich, Götz Schmiedehausen, Wolfgang Hartmann und dem Vogel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”